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1.According to the dietary laws, all fruits and vegetables are permitted, based on the verse, "See, I give you every seed-bearing plant that is upon all the earth, and every tree that has seed-bearing fruit; they shall be yours for food" (Gen. 1:29). In fact, this verse and the subsequent one imply that vegetarianism was the earliest biblical ideal. Only in the time of Noah did God allow humans to be carnivorous (Gen. 9:3).God did give Noah one restriction—the consumption of blood was prohibited—but the full dietary laws was commanded to the Israelites after they left Egypt, and was further embellished and explicated by the Rabbis.The Jewish dietary laws (derived largely from Lev.11:1-43) detail which animals, birds, and fish may be eaten; how they are to be slaughtered and prepared; and the rules concerning the separation of meat and milk.
2. The Bible divides the "beasts of the earth" into those animals that are permitted for consumption (tahor; clean) and those that are prohibited (tamei; unclean). this is based on God's command that Noah take seven pairs of every clean beast and two pairs of all unclean animals into the ark (Gen. 7:2), a difference that presumably related to the former group being suitable for sacrifice.
3.To qualifty as kosher, a quadruped must both chew the cud (ruminant) and have completely cloven (divided) hooves (Lev.11:3; Deut. 14:4-5). The camel, hare and hyrax chew their cud but are fobidden because they have incompletely split hooves, the pig has a completely cloven hoof but is prohibited because it does not chew its cud (Deut. 14:7-8).
4. Although kosher quadrupeds and fish are mentioned by charecteristics so that their identities are clear, the Torah specifically names 20 non-kosher species of birds, thus implying that all others are kosher (Lev.11:13-19; Deut 14:11-18). The forbidden birds include osprey, kite, vulture, raven, falcon and hawk. Unfortunately, over time the precise identities of some of the biblically prohibited birds became unclear. Consequently, the Shulchan Arukh ruled that it is forbidden to eat any species of bird unless there is a well-established tradition that it is kosher. In general, all birds of prey and scavengers that eat carrion are prohibited.
5.Of "all that live in the water," only those that have fins and scales are "clean" and permitted as food. The scales must be capable of being scraped off easily with a knife, which excludes creatures with scales that are not clearly defined, such as shellfish, shark, catfish, and amphibians.
6 The Torah specifically permits the eating of four kinds of locusts, but because none can be unequivocally identified, later rabbis declared all species of insects to be forbidden.
The unequivocal biblical prohibition against the consumption of blood is the basis for the process of kashering meat. Therefore, before meat is cooked, it is necessary to remove all traces of blood—by soaking and salting the meat or by broiling or roasting it over an open flame.
The prohibition against mixing milk and meat derives from the verse, "You shall not boil a kid in its mother's milk" (Exodus. 23:19, 34:26; Deut. 14:21)
These six facts relate to.......What is kosher food?
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